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"Watch LIVE webcast: London Conference on the Genocide of Myanmar's Rohingya" - Time: 0900 AM (UK time), Monday, 28th April

"Watch LIVE webcast: London Conference on the Genocide of Myanmar's Rohingya" 

Time: 0900 AM (UK time), Monday, 28th April

Live webcast begins at 9 am sharp (UK time) and ends at 3:30 pm except during refreshments and lunch breaks. (See the programme below)


Welcome Remarks

Dr Barbara Harrell-Bond, OBE 
Founding Director, Refugee Studies Centre; Professor Emeritus, Oxford University & Director, Fahamu Refugee Programme

It is with sincere regret that due to illness that I am unable to be present at today’s Conference. 

You have come together in yet another attempt to increase the world’s awareness of the unspeakable suffering of the Rohingya - those remaining in Myanmar under the threat of extinction, those in flight and those living in exile under precarious conditions. 

It is worth reflecting on the fact that in May 1993, Aung San Suu Kyi gave the Joyce Pearce Memorial Lecture at the Refugee Studies programme (now Centre) at the University of Oxford. Her speech was entitled ‘Towards a True Refugee’. 

In that speech she reminded her audience that ‘The Burmese expression for refugee is”dukkha-the’, which means the one who has to bear dukkha, suffering. In that sense no one can be excluded from understanding what it is to be a refugee. At the time, Aung San Suu Kyi was under house arrest; her speech was delivered by her husband, Michael Aris, who only a few short years later died of cancer and whose funeral she was unable to attend. 

In that speech, she recalled that ‘The dream of a society ruled by loving kindness, reason and justice is a dream as old as civilized man’ and she went on to say that the ‘greatest threats to global security today come not from the economic deficiencies of the poorest nations but from religious, racial (or tribal) and political dissensions raging in those regions where principles and practices which could reconcile the diverse instincts and aspirations of mankind have been ignored, repressed or distorted.’ 

She admonished her audience that ‘Peace, stability and unity cannot be bought or coerced: they have to be nurtured by promoting sensitivity to human needs and respect for the rights and opinions of others. She reminded us all that ‘Diversity and dissent need not inhibit the emergence of strong, stable societies, but inflexibility, narrowness and unadulterated materialism can prevent healthy growth. And she warned: ‘…when attitudes have been allowed to harden to the point that otherness becomes a sufficient reason for nullifying a person's claim to be treated as a fellow human being, the trappings of modern civilization crumble with frightening speed.’

We ponder the incongruence of Aung San Suu Kyi’s inspired words then, in 1993, to the maelstrom surrounding the plight of all the minorities – both ethnic and religious - in Myanmar today. We pray that the eloquence of today’s testimonies will break her silence on what is happening to the Rohingya before Myanmar becomes yet another Rwanda.


London Conference


Decades of State-sponsored Destruction 
of Myanmar’s Rohingya

28 April 2014

A LSE Public Event

co-sponsored by 

LSE Civil Society and Human Security Research Unit


Burmese Rohingya Organization – United Kingdom

Venue: THE SHAW LIBRARY (Founders Room), 6th Floor, Old Building, LSE 

We are no longer accepting RSVPs. This conference is fully booked.


0830 Registration/coffee 

0900 Welcome Remarks 
Dr Barbara Harrell-Bond, OBE 
Founding Director, Refugee Studies Centre; Professor Emeritus, Oxford University & Director, Fahamu Refugee Programme

0910 An Appeal to the World 
Tun Khin, President, Burmese Rohingya Organization – UK

0920 Keynote Address
Surviving Rwanda genocide: A first-hand experience
Prudentienne Seward, 1994 Rwanda Genocide Survivor and Activist; Founder, PAX


Dr Maung Zarni
Senior Research Fellow, Center for Democracy and Elections, University of Malaya; Visiting Fellow (2013-15), Civil Society and Human Security Research Unit, LSE & Judge, Permanent People’s Tribunal on Sri Lanka (Germany, 2013)

What is a genocide? Who decides?

Professor Daniel Feierstein 
President of the International Association of Genocide Scholars; Director of the Centre for Genocide Studies at the Universidad Nacional de Tres de Febrero; Professor in the Faculty of Genocide at the University of Buenos Aires & author of “Genocide as a Social Practice: Reorganizing Society Under the Nazis and Argentina's Military Juntas” (2014)

International Human Rights Law and Mechanisms for the Pursuit of Justice

Professor Gabriele Della Morte
Professor of International Law at the Università Cattolica di Milano; Counsel for the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) (2003-2004); Law Clerk for the Prosecutor’s Office of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (2000) & a member of a government delegation for the establishment of the International Criminal Court (1998)

Cambodia's Khmer Rouge Tribunal: one model for a combined national and international judicial mechanism

Dr Helen Jarvis 
Formerly Chief of Public Affairs of the Cambodian Tribunal; Documentation Consultant for Yale University’s Cambodian Genocide Program & co-author of "Getting away with genocide? Elusive justice and the Khmer Rouge tribunal" (Pluto, 2004)

The Russell-Sartre Tribunal and other alternative routes to international justice

Professor Gianni Tognoni 
General Secretary, Permanent People’s Tribunal, Rome

1100 Refreshments


Chair: Arash Sedighi
Teaching Fellow, The Centre for International Studies and Diplomacy, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London

Defenseless Rohingya and their Protection

Nurul Islam 
Chairman, Arakan Rohingya National Organization

Bangladesh Government policies and the Situation of the Rohingya Refugees 

Dr Shapan Adnan 
Associate, Contemporary South Asian Studies Programme, Oxford University &
Former Associate Professor of South Asian Studies, National University of Singapore

The Slow-Burning Genocide of the Rohingya 

Dr Maung Zarni 
Co-author of “The Slow Burning Genocide of Myanmar’s Rohingya”, Pacific Rim Law and Policy Journal, (Forthcoming, Spring 2014)

Mass Violence against Myanmar’s Muslims and State Persecution of Muslim Rohingya

Kyaw Win, Burmese Muslim Association, UK

12:45 Lunch 


The State in Myanmar and Its Crimes

Chair: Dr Kirsten McConnachie
Joyce Pearce Junior Research Fellow, Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford University 

The State in Myanmar and Its Crimes 

Professor Penny Green
Professor of Law and Criminology, Head of Research in the Dickson Poon School of Law & Director of the International State Crime Initiative (ISCI), King’s College, University of London

Mapping and Tracking the Persecution of Rohingya 

Christopher Tuckwood
Director, The Sentinel Project for the Prevention of Genocide, Canada

Marching to Genocide in Burma

Tom Andrews, former US Congressman & President of United to End Genocide (UEG), Washington, DC [or Daniel Sullivan, UEG and co-author of the report “Marching to Genocide in Burma”, (March 2014)]

Mass Atrocities and How They End: preliminary findings from high intensity cases of mass killings 

Professor Bridget Conley (via Skype)
Assistant Professor of Research, The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University, Boston & formerly Director of Research, US Holocaust Memorial Museum, Washington DC


1545 Facilitated discussion (Invitation Only)
What needs to be done? 


Dr Zarni, Civil Society and Human Security Research Unit, LSE & Centre for Democracy and Elections, University of Malaya 

Tun Khin, President, Burmese Rohingya Organization-UK (BROUK) 

1645 Conference ends 


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