Government says Myanmar won’t bend to UN pressure over ethnic Rohingya citizenship
November 22, 2013
YANGON, Myanmar — Myanmar will not allow itself to be pressured by a U.N. resolution calling on it to grant citizenship to members of the Muslim ethnic minority that identify themselves as Rohingya, an official said Thursday.
Presidential spokesman Ye Htut insisted in a posting on his Facebook page that the government does not recognize that there is a group called Rohingya, referring to them instead as Bengalis.
The U.N. General Assembly’s human rights committee passed a resolution Tuesday urging Myanmar to give the stateless Rohingya minority equal access to citizenship and to crack down on Buddhist violence against them and other Muslims.
Sectarian violence in the past two years has left more than 240 people dead and caused another 240,000 to flee their homes, most of them Rohingya.
“Bengalis living in Rakhine state who are qualified as citizens under 1982 citizenship law will be given citizenship,” Ye Htut said. “Even if anyone pressured us, we will not give citizenship to those who are not qualified.”
The citizenship law recognizes eight races and 130 minority groups, but omits the country’s 800,000 Rohingya. Many Myanmar Buddhists view the Rohingya as interlopers brought in by British colonialists from what is now Bangladesh, but many Rohingya say they have lived in the country for hundreds of years.
The Rohingya speak a Bengali dialect and resemble Bangladeshis, with darker skin than most people in Myanmar. Bangladesh also refuses to accept them as citizens.
The Rohingya issue is a highly sensitive one in Myanmar, which is overwhelmingly Buddhist. Ultra-nationalists have widely promoted anti-Rohingya propaganda, which has triggered prejudice against Muslims in general.
Opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi has been lukewarm in confronting the issue, even though she was embraced as a heroine of human rights when fighting against Myanmar’s previous military regime.
Suu Kyi, who has expressed interest in becoming the country’s next president, declined to meet with an Organization of Islamic Cooperation delegation which visited Myanmar recently to look into the plight of the religious minority.
A spokesman for Suu Kyi’s National League for Democracy party, Nyan Win, criticized the U.N. resolution.
“Even the United Nations is interfering in Myanmar’s internal affairs,” he said.